Marathwada, Maharashtra

Marathawada, Maharashtra-The Latur Pilot
Adoption in India, is essentially, an urban phenomenon; most often, it is the city parents who adopt through the legal process. Unfortunately, most city agencies face an acute dearth of adoptable children and have long waiting lists of parents. The waiting period sometimes is as long as 2-3 years. In smaller towns, on the other hand, while some male children do find homes locally, the girls, particularly older and dark-skinned ones, generally do not. Many of them end up in orphanages, where the quality of rehabilitation is at best, sub-optimal. In 2008, CSA’s exploration led us to a cluster of 7 agencies in Marathawada, Maharashtra. We found 121 children waiting to be adopted. 15 of those children were older ones who would soon move into orphanages.

Committed to enhancing the number of adoptions, we began in 2006, by exploring the possibility of getting some of the city agencies to direct their waiting parents to the Marathawada agencies. Unfortunately, the response was poor; city agencies pleaded confidentiality and would not part with information on waiting parents. They also, cautioned that city parents would not adopt from smaller towns primarily because the childcare standards in those agencies were not as good. The interaction though baffling, provided some significant learnings; first, we realized that we would ourselves, have to find ways of reaching out to parent-community.  Second, if child care standard was an issue, it needed to be addressed. Thus, began the Latur Pilot and, our dialogue with the identified agencies.

Participating agencies
Our interaction with the agencies soon led to an understanding; it was agreed that CSA would support the agencies both in terms of child placements as also, in upgrading the quality of care that was being provided to the children. Agencies in turn were expected to fall in line with regulation and ascertain a high quality of care and time bound placements.

The following agencies agreed to participate in the Latur Pilot.

  1. Bal Vikas Mahila Mandal Shishu Sadan
  2. Shri Ganesh Shikshan Prasarak Mandal
  3. Dnyan Gangotri Mother Teresa Shishu Greh
  4. Sandhi Niketan Shikshan Sanstha
  5. Smt. Narshabai Mahila Mandal Shishu Greh
  6. Jyotiba Phule Seva Trust  - Sunita Gutte Shishu Greh
  7. Mahila Mandal ( Sunitibai Phule Shishu Greh)

Field study-situational analysis
The Pilot began with a need-identification/situational analysis at the participating agencies. The need-assessment considered 3 separate aspects:

  1. Coordination with the State Government
  2. Upgrading agency standards-childcare, living conditions and work standards.
  3. Local Awareness and promotion.

State intervention
12 older children, whose chances of being adopted locally were minimal, were with the concurrence of the State WCD transferred to agencies that could find placements for them.


Local promotion and Awareness
CSA

  1. organized workshops and sensitisation programmes for the  Adoptive parents and       District Officials/Judiciary, respectively.
  2. ensured local Media participation in CSA activities
  3. created a Micro site for each agency on CSA Website
  4. Outdoor Hoardings in neighboring cities
  5. Organised local events
  6. Coordination with the local CWC and District authorities to deal with process-bottlenecks.

 

Capability building
CSA organized Training programmes for Social and Child care workers.

Enhancing standards
CSA

  1. Improved infrastructure-civil work, furniture, drainage
  2. Improved  Health, hygiene  and care standards by providing baby food, medicines, clothes, toys, music system, linen, baby warmer, refrigerator, water purifier, solar heater, etc.
  3. Provided a visiting nursery teacher, Uniformsfor childcare workers, Visits by a medical practitioner

Achievements
1    Several placements have been facilitated- most of them girls and older children.
2.   Processing timelines have been less than 6 months in all cases.
3.   Care standards have improved significantly.

Sr.No

Agency Name

Placement

Pipeline

Number of Adoptions

 

 

 

 

2006-07

2007-08

1

Balvikas(Mah)

7

3

3

4

2

Shree Ganesh(Mah)

3

2

 

3

3

Dyangangotri(Mah)

1

 

 

1

4

Narsabai(Mah)

1

1

 

1

5

Sunita Gutte(Mah)

3

3

1

2

6

Sandhi Niketan(Mah)

2

 

 

2

7

Unnatishil(Mah)

1

 

 

1

 

Total

18

9

4

14

Latur was the pilot that triggered the entire CSA adoption facilitation initiative and set the trend of adoptions from rural India. Many parents from cities such as Mumbai, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi. Hyderabad and Kolkata now, approach the agencies directly and adopt from those agencies. The pilot also, gave us the template which is now replicated in different locations in India.

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