The government has a big role to play in the care of children in need of care and protection. The Convention on the Rights of the Child, which has been adopted by 196 countries including India, has 54 articles covering these rights. The basic rights fall into four categories as below:

Right to survival - this includes rights to be born, right to minimum standards of food shelter and clothing and the right to live with dignity.

Right to protection - This includes protection from neglect, abuse, maltreatment, exploitation and harassment.

Right to participation - Child has a right to participation in any decision making that impacts them directly or indirectly in varying degrees depending on age and maturity of the child.

Right to development - In all forms - emotional, physical and mental. This includes proper care and love, education and learning and development through recreation, play and nutrition.

The Convention puts the obligation on the State to ensure these rights to children including those in institutional care. The Hague Convention, to which India is a signatory, lays down the principles behind adoption, with the overarching theme of "best interest of the child".

In India, we have a fairly comprehensive Juvenile Justice Act and the Integrated Child Protection Scheme. Under these, every orphanage or Child Home should be registered under the Juvenile Justice Act, which also prescribes certain minimum facilities and requirements. The protection, care and development of all children in /out of orphanages are supposed to be overseen by the Child Welfare Committee (CWC) and the WCD officials in each district. The ICPS scheme provide for funds to be given to orphanages for infrastructure as well as running expenses. If implemented properly, the Juvenile Justice Act and ICPS provides a good framework for overseeing orphanages and taking care of children in need of care and protection.

Unfortunately, they suffer from poor implementation on the ground. Many orphanages are not even registered with the government. Child records and data is all on paper and not usable by the government for oversight and supervision. Funds do not flow in a regular or timely manner and not in a transparent and corruption free process. Thus in reality, the role of CWC's and WCD departments is not as effective as it should be.

Adoptions are the responsibility of a Central Adoption Resource Agency (CARA), under the WCD Ministry. CARA have laid down guidelines for adoption in India as well broadly in alignment with the Hague Convention. CARA also operates the central database of all children available for adoption, called CARINGS. CARA is supported by a network of State Adoption Resource Agency (SARA) in every state. All adoption agencies are meant to be registered with either CARA or respective SARA for undertaking adoption work.

Thus in intent, policy and laws, India is on the right track and in compliance with the UN and Hague Convention. However, in practice and implementation there are many issues and gaps. CSA's mission is to work with all stakeholders including Government to improve policies, streamline implementation and create systemic and attitudinal change.

Our Work

We work closely with the Women & Child Development (WCD) departments at the district level and the Child Welfare Committees in our Movement to Adoption Program. We work in alignment with WCD and CWC in our Orphanage Transformation and Bridge to Livelihood programs. We are doing some of our Go Wide Initiatives at the Government run orphanages and observation homes at the request of the authorities. However, we plan to engage more with the Government at various levels since improving their policies and processes can have a huge systemic impact.

At the same time, it is imperative to engage critical stakeholders like social workers, Anganwadi workers, police, judiciary, other NGO's in order to create awareness of the role that they can play. CSA conducts awareness and sensitization workshops for different stakeholderson adoption. We have been conducting workshops and raising awareness amongst childcare institutions to register under the Juvenile Justice Act, 2000 and thereby, avail of the benefits and funds available to cater to the needs of children. We also conduct awareness roadshows for our corporate partners to create awareness on the plight of orphaned children.

Our Impact

  7- Workshops conducted for grass root workers, CWC, other stakeholders. 384 - Attendees reached through the workshops / trainings.

  15-Trainings conducted for CCI staff (care givers, teachers, management). 246-people attended.

  3-CCIs helped to register under JJ Act, 2000.

  4-donor workshops held.84 attendees reached for Donor workshop.

Success Stories


PUNE Success Stories:


Priya* a 12 year old girl from V.B. NavarangeBalgruhPandharpur in Solapur district was adopted recently in April-2017by parents from Tamil Nadu - Mr. & Mrs. Vishwanath. This is the first case of an older child adoption that has taken place in Solapur district through CCI-SAA Linkage.

Priya is one among the 193 total orphan children found in Solapur data collection. This data collection exercise was undertaken to identify children eligible for adoption.

This is one of the biggest successes of CSA's adoption programme which is ongoing in Solapur district.

*Names changed to protect identity of parents and child


ODISHA Success Stories:


Based on CSA Grassroots level Anganwadi worker adoption awareness workshop, 10 children's information was given to Specialized Adoption Agency (SAA) by one of the workshop attendee. Out of that, 3 children were handed over to the SAA. These children are now in the SAA. Very soon, they will be legally free for Adoption.


Subsequent to CSA's continuous efforts,in July-2016, 74 children's names were published in the newspaper, out of which, 49 children were declared legally free for adoption in September-2016.
In February-2017, out of these 49 Children, 1 child from DR.B.R.Ambedkar Seva Anath Ashram has been adopted.
It is CSA's endeavour to ensure more and more children can be brought into the adoption stream & find loving families to adopt them.


MADHYA PRADESH Success Stories:


Jeevan Jyoti Rao (JJR) is running a children home for 50 girls at Indore. JJR is the only CCI for girls at Indore, this home always run with a full strength of children year after year. CSA started supporting this CCI since 2013.

At various levels, JJR staff & trustee raised the issue of non-receipt of financial grants from the government from three years which is 2013 to 2016, and 2016-17 was the fourth year.

CCI trustees were quite confident that they will receive financial assistance from the government under ICPC but they were not clear about where they were lacking and finally they requested CSA to intervene and to support.

Since 2015, CSA has been following up &rallying with government to resolve this issue. CSA officials and CCI trustee prepared a plan of action that included -

Conducted meetings with State level officials to present JJR's case

Meeting with District Collector

Meeting with District Women Empowerment Officer

Round of meeting with District Child Protection Officer

Written letters to all authorities

Resolved all queries and concerns raised by different officials

Prepared documentation of JJR

Regular follow up with all stakeholders

After long & consistent efforts, JJR has successfully received grant in the financial year 2016-17


GOA Success stories:


We successfully facilitated the foster care placement of an 11 year old girl in Goa with a 55 year old woman whose husband passed away. This is the first case handled by CSA and also the first foster care case in the entire state of Goa.

11 year old Rekha* was an orphan child since she lost both her parents to HIV. However, she was HIV negative and lived in an orphanage since she was 3 years old. She yearned to have a family of her own. On the other hand, Rekha*, a 55 year old woman had lost her husband a few years back. As a couple, they too were yearning for a child and had approached several Adoption Agencies with the hope of adopting a child, however, they never succeeded. CSA became aware of Anitha's desire to adopt and after a few discussions with her, she was willing to take 11 year old Anitha under foster care. When Anitha met Rekha for the first time, there was an instant connection and this just seemed like divine intervention! CSA followed up with the Child Welfare Committee (CWC) in Goa to get the process moving and after a wait of 6 months, CWC finally gave the nod for Rekha to be given under foster care to Anitha. Both mother and daughter are extremely happy with these turn of events & since Rekha is a totally orphaned child, Anitha is now looking to adopt her daughter legally!
*Names changed to protect identity of parents and child


CSA in association with the Department of Women and Child Development, Government of Goa organized a one day training and workshop titled "Registration of Children's Homes under the Juvenile Justice Act 2001" in 2013. 87 participants with representatives from 60 Children's Homes attended this workshop. Almost all children's homes applied for registration with the Goa Government. Prior to this, none of the CCIs were registered under JJ Act in Goa. Now more than 60 CCIs are registered and have license under JJ Act!